TOP TEN perturbations for 38775_at (Homo sapiens)

Organism: Homo sapiens
Gene: 38775_at
Selected probe(set): 200785_s_at
Platform: Affymetrix Human Genome U133 Plus 2.0 Array

Expression of 38775_at (200785_s_at) across 6674 perturbations tested by GENEVESTIGATOR:

pancreatic islet study 3 (re-differentiated; PPRF; 4d) / normal pancreatic islet sample

Relative Expression (log2-ratio):3.5332623
Number of Samples:2 / 7
Experimental pancreatic islet study 3 (re-differentiated; PPRF; 4d)
Human pancreatic islets were isolated from a cadaveric donor. The population was 70% pure in mature islets, which was determined by dithizone staining. Islets cells were expanded for 6 weeks and re-differentiated for 4 days according to Pharmaceutical Production Research Facility (PPRF) Protocol. Re-differentiation phase: For induction of expanded cells to differentiate into islet-like cell clusters, the cells were seeded into 60 mm ultra-low attachment dishes in serum-free CMRL-1066 supplemented with 4 mM L-glutamine, 1% BSA, insulin (10 g/ml), transferrin (5.5 g/ml), sodium selenite (6.7ng/ml), and 1% antibiotic antimycotic solution at a density of 6.0 x 10EXP6 cells per dish. The induction medium was further added with islet neogenesis-associated protein (INGAP) peptide at a concentration of 1.0ug/ml.
Control normal pancreatic islet sample
Pancreatic islets were obtained from seven donors aged between 37 and 70 years and body mass index between 22 and 27. Functional islets were cultured in CMRL 1066 supplemented with 10% FCS, 1% glutamine, 5.6 mM glucose, 1 mM HEPES, 110 U/ml penicillin, and 110 g/ml streptomycin for 7 days or immediately processed after isolation.

pancreatic islet study 3 (re-differentiated; PPRF; 2d) / normal pancreatic islet sample

Relative Expression (log2-ratio):3.256321
Number of Samples:2 / 7
Experimental pancreatic islet study 3 (re-differentiated; PPRF; 2d)
Human pancreatic islets were isolated from a cadaveric donor. The population was 70% pure in mature islets, which was determined by dithizone staining. Islets cells were expanded for 6 weeks and re-differentiated for 2 days according to Pharmaceutical Production Research Facility (PPRF) Protocol. Re-differentiation phase: For induction of expanded cells to differentiate into islet-like cell clusters, the cells were seeded into 60 mm ultra-low attachment dishes in serum-free CMRL-1066 supplemented with 4 mM L-glutamine, 1% BSA, insulin (10 g/ml), transferrin (5.5 g/ml), sodium selenite (6.7ng/ml), and 1% antibiotic antimycotic solution at a density of 6.0 x 10EXP6 cells per dish. The induction medium was further added with islet neogenesis-associated protein (INGAP) peptide at a concentration of 1.0ug/ml.
Control normal pancreatic islet sample
Pancreatic islets were obtained from seven donors aged between 37 and 70 years and body mass index between 22 and 27. Functional islets were cultured in CMRL 1066 supplemented with 10% FCS, 1% glutamine, 5.6 mM glucose, 1 mM HEPES, 110 U/ml penicillin, and 110 g/ml streptomycin for 7 days or immediately processed after isolation.

monocyte activation study 1 (NOD2L/TLR/1L; 24h) / monocyte activation study 1 (NOD2L/TLR/1L; 6h)

Relative Expression (log2-ratio):3.1797752
Number of Samples:5 / 5
Experimental monocyte activation study 1 (NOD2L/TLR/1L; 24h)
Monocytes were isolated from five healthy donors, cultured in RPMI with 10% vitamin D–sufficient (100 nM) human serum and activated for 24 hours with 1 ug/ml muramyl dipeptide (nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain-containing protein 2 ligand, NOD2L) and 1 ug/ml mycobacterial 19-kDa triacylated lipopeptide (TLR2/1 ligand, TLR2/1L). This type of activation is via nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain-containing protein 2 (NOD2) and heterodimeric Toll-like receptor 2 and Toll-like receptor 1 (TLR2/1).
Control monocyte activation study 1 (NOD2L/TLR/1L; 6h)
Monocytes were isolated from five healthy donors, cultured in RPMI with 10% vitamin D–sufficient (100 nM) human serum and activated for 6 hours with 1 ug/ml muramyl dipeptide (nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain-containing protein 2 ligand, NOD2L) and 1 ug/ml mycobacterial 19-kDa triacylated lipopeptide (TLR2/1 ligand, TLR2/1L). This type of activation is via nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain-containing protein 2 (NOD2) and heterodimeric Toll-like receptor 2 and Toll-like receptor 1 (TLR2/1).

pancreatic islet study 3 (re-differentiated; PPRF; 6d) / normal pancreatic islet sample

Relative Expression (log2-ratio):3.0806932
Number of Samples:2 / 7
Experimental pancreatic islet study 3 (re-differentiated; PPRF; 6d)
Human pancreatic islets were isolated from a cadaveric donor. The population was 70% pure in mature islets, which was determined by dithizone staining. Islets cells were expanded for 6 weeks and re-differentiated for 6 days according to Pharmaceutical Production Research Facility (PPRF) Protocol. Re-differentiation phase: For induction of expanded cells to differentiate into islet-like cell clusters, the cells were seeded into 60 mm ultra-low attachment dishes in serum-free CMRL-1066 supplemented with 4 mM L-glutamine, 1% BSA, insulin (10 g/ml), transferrin (5.5 g/ml), sodium selenite (6.7ng/ml), and 1% antibiotic antimycotic solution at a density of 6.0 x 10EXP6 cells per dish. The induction medium was further added with islet neogenesis-associated protein (INGAP) peptide at a concentration of 1.0 ug/ml.
Control normal pancreatic islet sample
Pancreatic islets were obtained from seven donors aged between 37 and 70 years and body mass index between 22 and 27. Functional islets were cultured in CMRL 1066 supplemented with 10% FCS, 1% glutamine, 5.6 mM glucose, 1 mM HEPES, 110 U/ml penicillin, and 110 g/ml streptomycin for 7 days or immediately processed after isolation.

HIF-1a/HIF-2a depletion study 1 (hypoxia; HK2) / HIF-1a/HIF-2a depletion study 1 (normoxia; AB81)

Relative Expression (log2-ratio):-3.0624952
Number of Samples:3 / 3
Experimental HIF-1a/HIF-2a depletion study 1 (hypoxia; HK2)
Proximal tubule epithelial cell line HK-2 with shRNA-mediated stable knock-down of HIF-1a and HIF-2a (Hypoxia-inducible factor 1-alpha and Hypoxia-inducible factor 2-alpha) 24 hours after treatment with hypoxia (20% O2). HK-2 cells were cultured in DMEM/F-12 supplemented with 10% fetal calf serum (FCS), 1% ITS, hydrocortisone, and antibiotics. The cells were incubated at 37 °C.
Control HIF-1a/HIF-2a depletion study 1 (normoxia; AB81)
Human podocyte cells AB81 with shRNA-mediated stable knock-down of HIF-1a and HIF-2a (Hypoxia-inducible factor 1-alpha and Hypoxia-inducible factor 2-alpha) 24 hours after treatment with normoxia (20% O2). Conditionally immortalized human podocytes AB81 were cultured under permissive conditions (33 °C) in RPMI-1640 supplemented with 10% FBS, antibiotics, and 1% ITS. Differentiation was induced by thermoshift to 37 °C in 6-well plates.

breast cancer study 8 (primary) / normal breast tissue

Relative Expression (log2-ratio):-2.959835
Number of Samples:13 / 4
Experimental breast cancer study 8 (primary)
Human primary infiltrating ductal carcinoma sample of a female patient with breast cancer.
Control normal breast tissue
Normal human breast samples of healthy female individuals.

atopic dermatitis study 12 (non-lesional; adults) / atopic dermatitis study 12 (non-lesional; children)

Relative Expression (log2-ratio):2.838829
Number of Samples:20 / 19
Experimental atopic dermatitis study 12 (non-lesional; adults)
Unaffected skin biopsy samples from adult patients (age range 18-73 years) with long-standing atopic dermatitis.
Control atopic dermatitis study 12 (non-lesional; children)
Unaffected buttock skin biopsy samples from pediatric patients (age range 3 months-5 years) with early-onset atopic dermatitis. All patients had moderate-to-severe disease (SCORAD score: mean, 57.8; range, 33-84) with recent-onset (within the previous 6 months). Systemic immunosuppressants within the past 4 weeks, topical steroids or immunomodulators within 1 week, or moisturizers within 12 hours before evaluation were restricted. Patients with active skin infections were excluded.

connective/soft tissue cancer study 1 (PDX; connective and soft tissue, leiomyosarcoma, NOS; metastatic) / connective/soft tissue cancer study 1 (PDX; connective and soft tissue, clear cell sarcoma, NOS; metastatic)

Relative Expression (log2-ratio):2.8207026
Number of Samples:2 / 2
Experimental connective/soft tissue cancer study 1 (PDX; connective and soft tissue, leiomyosarcoma, NOS; metastatic)
Patient-derived xenograft (PDX) samples generated in female athymic nude mice from a metastasis of patients with primary connective and soft tissue, leiomyosarcoma, NOS of the soft tissue (subcutaneously implanted). Metastatic site of patient tumor sample is not reported.
Control connective/soft tissue cancer study 1 (PDX; connective and soft tissue, clear cell sarcoma, NOS; metastatic)
Patient-derived xenograft (PDX) samples generated in female athymic nude mice from a metastasis of patients with primary connective and soft tissue, clear cell sarcoma, NOS of the soft tissue (subcutaneously implanted). Metastatic site of patient tumor sample is not reported.

pancreatic islet study 3 (re-differentiated; PPRF; 8d) / normal pancreatic islet sample

Relative Expression (log2-ratio):2.7365818
Number of Samples:2 / 7
Experimental pancreatic islet study 3 (re-differentiated; PPRF; 8d)
Human pancreatic islets were isolated from a cadaveric donor. The population was 70% pure in mature islets, which was determined by dithizone staining. Islets cells were expanded for 6 weeks and re-differentiated for 8 days according to Pharmaceutical Production Research Facility (PPRF) Protocol. Re-differentiation phase: For induction of expanded cells to differentiate into islet-like cell clusters, the cells were seeded into 60 mm ultra-low attachment dishes in serum-free CMRL-1066 supplemented with 4 mM L-glutamine, 1% BSA, insulin (10 g/ml), transferrin (5.5 g/ml), sodium selenite (6.7ng/ml), and 1% antibiotic antimycotic solution at a density of 6.0 x 10EXP6 cells per dish. The induction medium was further added with islet neogenesis-associated protein (INGAP) peptide at a concentration of 1.0 ug/ml.
Control normal pancreatic islet sample
Pancreatic islets were obtained from seven donors aged between 37 and 70 years and body mass index between 22 and 27. Functional islets were cultured in CMRL 1066 supplemented with 10% FCS, 1% glutamine, 5.6 mM glucose, 1 mM HEPES, 110 U/ml penicillin, and 110 g/ml streptomycin for 7 days or immediately processed after isolation.

pancreatic islet study 3 (expanded; PPRF) / normal pancreatic islet sample

Relative Expression (log2-ratio):2.7323027
Number of Samples:2 / 7
Experimental pancreatic islet study 3 (expanded; PPRF)
Human pancreatic islets were isolated from a cadaveric donor. The population was 70% pure in mature islets, which was determined by dithizone staining. Islets cells were expanded according to Pharmaceutical Production Research Facility Protocol (PPRF) for 6 weeks. Expansion phase: Approximately 2,500 islet equivalents were seeded onto 75-cm2 fibronectin-coated tissue culture-treated flasks in a proprietary serum-free medium (PPRF medium). The serum-free PPRF medium was supplemented with 30% serum-free mesenchymal-conditioned medium. When the cell migration resulted in the formation of large-size colonies, the cells were harvested by trypsinization and replated into new tissue culture flasks. Once the cells reached near confluence (80–90%) in monolayer, they were trypsinized, counted, and subcultured at a density of 5,000 cells per cm2. Thereafter, cells were serially passaged using the same protocol.
Control normal pancreatic islet sample
Pancreatic islets were obtained from seven donors aged between 37 and 70 years and body mass index between 22 and 27. Functional islets were cultured in CMRL 1066 supplemented with 10% FCS, 1% glutamine, 5.6 mM glucose, 1 mM HEPES, 110 U/ml penicillin, and 110 g/ml streptomycin for 7 days or immediately processed after isolation.