TOP TEN perturbations for 39530_at (Homo sapiens)

Organism: Homo sapiens
Gene: 39530_at
Selected probe(set): 214121_x_at
Platform: Affymetrix Human Genome U133 Plus 2.0 Array

Expression of 39530_at (214121_x_at) across 6674 perturbations tested by GENEVESTIGATOR:

pancreatic islet study 3 (expanded; PPRF) / normal pancreatic islet sample

Relative Expression (log2-ratio):2.7107782
Number of Samples:2 / 7
Experimental pancreatic islet study 3 (expanded; PPRF)
Human pancreatic islets were isolated from a cadaveric donor. The population was 70% pure in mature islets, which was determined by dithizone staining. Islets cells were expanded according to Pharmaceutical Production Research Facility Protocol (PPRF) for 6 weeks. Expansion phase: Approximately 2,500 islet equivalents were seeded onto 75-cm2 fibronectin-coated tissue culture-treated flasks in a proprietary serum-free medium (PPRF medium). The serum-free PPRF medium was supplemented with 30% serum-free mesenchymal-conditioned medium. When the cell migration resulted in the formation of large-size colonies, the cells were harvested by trypsinization and replated into new tissue culture flasks. Once the cells reached near confluence (80–90%) in monolayer, they were trypsinized, counted, and subcultured at a density of 5,000 cells per cm2. Thereafter, cells were serially passaged using the same protocol.
Control normal pancreatic islet sample
Pancreatic islets were obtained from seven donors aged between 37 and 70 years and body mass index between 22 and 27. Functional islets were cultured in CMRL 1066 supplemented with 10% FCS, 1% glutamine, 5.6 mM glucose, 1 mM HEPES, 110 U/ml penicillin, and 110 g/ml streptomycin for 7 days or immediately processed after isolation.

diabetes type 2 study 27 (LCM) / diabetes type 2 study 27 (enzymatic)

Relative Expression (log2-ratio):-2.7052288
Number of Samples:34 / 19
Experimental diabetes type 2 study 27 (LCM)
Pancreatic islet samples obtained from type 2 diabetic (T2D) phenotyped pancreatectomized patients (PPP) and isolated by laser capture microdissection (LCM). Islets specimens were retrieved by LCM from snap-frozen surgical specimen from patients who underwent pancreatectomy for pancreatic diseases. Histopathology of the resected tissue did not reveal insulitis in any PPP. Patients age <18 years were excluded. Patients with type 2 diabetes had fasting glycemia ≥7.0 mmol/l; HbA1C ≥6.5% and history of diabetes for >1 year.
Control diabetes type 2 study 27 (enzymatic)
Pancreatic islet samples obtained from type 2 diabetic (T2D) patients and isolated by enzymatic digestion. Well-preserved islets were isolated by collagenase digestion of pancreas from brain-dead organ donors which suffered from type 2 diabetes. After 2±1 days of culture, islets were successfully hand-picked and processed for further analyses. Type 2 diabetes was diagnosed based on clinical history, treatment with glucose-lowering drugs, and lack of anti-GAD65 autoantibodies.

stem cell differentiation study 59 (iDRG; 12d) / normal embryonic stem cell sample (WA09)

Relative Expression (log2-ratio):2.4074898
Number of Samples:4 / 4
Experimental stem cell differentiation study 59 (iDRG; 12d)
Immature dorsal root ganglia neurons (iDRGs) obtained by differentiation of WA09 embryonic stem cells. WA09 cells were differentiated for 8 days and subsequently cryopreserved. After thawing, cells were further differentiated for 4 days. Further details are described in the paper.
Control normal embryonic stem cell sample (WA09)
Undifferentiated WA09 embryonic stem cell samples.

stem cell differentiation study 59 (iDRG; 9d) / normal embryonic stem cell sample (WA09)

Relative Expression (log2-ratio):2.397829
Number of Samples:4 / 4
Experimental stem cell differentiation study 59 (iDRG; 9d)
Immature dorsal root ganglia neurons (iDRGs) obtained by differentiation of WA09 embryonic stem cells. WA09 cells were differentiated for 8 days and subsequently cryopreserved. After thawing, cells were further differentiated for 1 day. Further details are described in the paper.
Control normal embryonic stem cell sample (WA09)
Undifferentiated WA09 embryonic stem cell samples.

TGF-ß study 5 (intermediate) / untreated A549 cell sample

Relative Expression (log2-ratio):2.396142
Number of Samples:9 / 3
Experimental TGF-ß study 5 (intermediate)
Human A549 cells were treated with 5ng/ml porcine TGF-ß after serum-starving for 24h. Samples were taken 8, 16, 24 hours after TGF-ß treatment.
Control untreated A549 cell sample
A549 cells were grown for 24 hours. Samples were taken immediately before TGF-ß treatment.

glioma study 17 (small cell glioblastoma; A2B5+) / non-tumor oligodendrocyte progenitor cell sample (cortex)

Relative Expression (log2-ratio):2.3954153
Number of Samples:2 / 3
Experimental glioma study 17 (small cell glioblastoma; A2B5+)
Oligodendrocyte progenitor cells (OPC) isolated from high grade small cell glioblastoma (grade IV). OPC were isolated using magnetic-activated cell sorting (MACS) with antibodies against A2B5 antigen. Patients were 56 ± 3 years old males.
Control non-tumor oligodendrocyte progenitor cell sample (cortex)
Oligodendrocyte progenitor cells (OPC) isolated from cortical tissue, which was obtained from patients with epilepsy, but without any manifested brain cancer. OPC were isolated using magnetic-activated cell sorting (MACS) with antibodies against A2B5 antigen.

monocyte activation study 1 (NOD2L/TLR/1L; 24h) / untreated monocyte sample (24h)

Relative Expression (log2-ratio):2.358059
Number of Samples:5 / 5
Experimental monocyte activation study 1 (NOD2L/TLR/1L; 24h)
Monocytes were isolated from five healthy donors, cultured in RPMI with 10% vitamin D–sufficient (100 nM) human serum and activated for 24 hours with 1 ug/ml muramyl dipeptide (nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain-containing protein 2 ligand, NOD2L) and 1 ug/ml mycobacterial 19-kDa triacylated lipopeptide (TLR2/1 ligand, TLR2/1L). This type of activation is via nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain-containing protein 2 (NOD2) and heterodimeric Toll-like receptor 2 and Toll-like receptor 1 (TLR2/1).
Control untreated monocyte sample (24h)
Monocytes were isolated from five healthy donors, cultured in RPMI with 10% vitamin D–sufficient (100 nM) human serum and collected after 24 hours for RNA isolation.

PMA study 7 (24h) / vehicle (DMSO) treated HepG2 cell sample

Relative Expression (log2-ratio):2.2703905
Number of Samples:3 / 7
Experimental PMA study 7 (24h)
HepG2 cells exposed to 500nM phorbol-12-myristat-13-acetate [(PMA ortetradecanoyl phorbol acetate (TPA)] in DMSO solvent for 24 hours. ATC code:---
Control vehicle (DMSO) treated HepG2 cell sample
HepG2 cells exposed to DMSO solvent for 24 hours.

glioma study 17 (astrocytoma; A2B5+) / non-tumor oligodendrocyte progenitor cell sample (cortex)

Relative Expression (log2-ratio):2.25414
Number of Samples:3 / 3
Experimental glioma study 17 (astrocytoma; A2B5+)
Oligodendrocyte progenitor cells (OPC) isolated from low grade astrocytoma (grade II). OPC were isolated using magnetic-activated cell sorting (MACS) with antibodies against A2B5 antigen. Patients were 36 ± 7 years old.
Control non-tumor oligodendrocyte progenitor cell sample (cortex)
Oligodendrocyte progenitor cells (OPC) isolated from cortical tissue, which was obtained from patients with epilepsy, but without any manifested brain cancer. OPC were isolated using magnetic-activated cell sorting (MACS) with antibodies against A2B5 antigen.

2-(chloromethyl)pyridine hydrochloride study 1 (24h) / vehicle (DMSO) treated HepG2 cell sample

Relative Expression (log2-ratio):2.245245
Number of Samples:3 / 7
Experimental 2-(chloromethyl)pyridine hydrochloride study 1 (24h)
HepG2 cells exposed to 300μM 2-(chloromethyl)pyridine hydrochloride in DMSO solvent for 24 hours. ATC code:---
Control vehicle (DMSO) treated HepG2 cell sample
HepG2 cells exposed to DMSO solvent for 24 hours.