TOP TEN perturbations for 40051_at (Homo sapiens)

Organism: Homo sapiens
Gene: 40051_at
Selected probe(set): 202369_s_at
Platform: Affymetrix Human Genome U133 Plus 2.0 Array

Expression of 40051_at (202369_s_at) across 6674 perturbations tested by GENEVESTIGATOR:

pancreatic islet study 3 (expanded; PPRF) / normal pancreatic islet sample

Relative Expression (log2-ratio):4.496316
Number of Samples:2 / 7
Experimental pancreatic islet study 3 (expanded; PPRF)
Human pancreatic islets were isolated from a cadaveric donor. The population was 70% pure in mature islets, which was determined by dithizone staining. Islets cells were expanded according to Pharmaceutical Production Research Facility Protocol (PPRF) for 6 weeks. Expansion phase: Approximately 2,500 islet equivalents were seeded onto 75-cm2 fibronectin-coated tissue culture-treated flasks in a proprietary serum-free medium (PPRF medium). The serum-free PPRF medium was supplemented with 30% serum-free mesenchymal-conditioned medium. When the cell migration resulted in the formation of large-size colonies, the cells were harvested by trypsinization and replated into new tissue culture flasks. Once the cells reached near confluence (80–90%) in monolayer, they were trypsinized, counted, and subcultured at a density of 5,000 cells per cm2. Thereafter, cells were serially passaged using the same protocol.
Control normal pancreatic islet sample
Pancreatic islets were obtained from seven donors aged between 37 and 70 years and body mass index between 22 and 27. Functional islets were cultured in CMRL 1066 supplemented with 10% FCS, 1% glutamine, 5.6 mM glucose, 1 mM HEPES, 110 U/ml penicillin, and 110 g/ml streptomycin for 7 days or immediately processed after isolation.

pancreatic islet study 3 (re-differentiated; Whittier) / normal pancreatic islet sample

Relative Expression (log2-ratio):4.012866
Number of Samples:2 / 7
Experimental pancreatic islet study 3 (re-differentiated; Whittier)
Human pancreatic islets were from 2 male donors (46 and 54 years old, body mass index 21kg/m2 and 31.6kg/m2). Islets cells were expanded for 4 weeks and re-differentiated for 1 week according to Whittier protocol. Re-differentiation phase: After four passages (1 month expansion), cells were dispersed with Versene and cultured in serum-free CMRL-1066 medium supplemented with insulin (10 g/ml), transferrin (5.5 g/ml), sodium selenite (6.7ng/ml). After 1 week of culture on HTB-9-coated plates, cells were harvested and forced to reaggregate overnight.
Control normal pancreatic islet sample
Pancreatic islets were obtained from seven donors aged between 37 and 70 years and body mass index between 22 and 27. Functional islets were cultured in CMRL 1066 supplemented with 10% FCS, 1% glutamine, 5.6 mM glucose, 1 mM HEPES, 110 U/ml penicillin, and 110 g/ml streptomycin for 7 days or immediately processed after isolation.

TC-71 / TC-32

Relative Expression (log2-ratio):-3.7919388
Number of Samples:6 / 6
Experimental TC-71
Human primary cancer cell line derived from the humerus of a patient with Ewing sarcoma. Synonyms:TC71; GM11654 Cellosaurus code:
Control TC-32
Human primary cancer cell line derived from the unspecified origin of a patient with Ewing’s sarcoma. Synonyms:TC32 Cellosaurus code:

echinomycin study 1 / deferoxamine study 5

Relative Expression (log2-ratio):-3.696189
Number of Samples:3 / 3
Experimental echinomycin study 1
Echinomycin (100nM; 2h) treated human astroglioma (U251) cells, stimulated with deferoxamine (DFO; 300mM; 16h). ATC code:---
Control deferoxamine study 5
Untreated human astroglioma (U251) cells, stimulated with deferoxamine (DFO; 300mM; 16h). ATC code:

oxyphilic adenoma study 1 / normal kidney tissue (fetal)

Relative Expression (log2-ratio):-3.62819
Number of Samples:4 / 2
Experimental oxyphilic adenoma study 1
Tumor tissue samples from the kidney of patients with oxyphilic adenoma (renal oncocytoma).
Control normal kidney tissue (fetal)
Normal fetal kidney tissue samples.

pancreatic islet study 3 (expanded; NIH) / normal pancreatic islet sample

Relative Expression (log2-ratio):3.5560665
Number of Samples:3 / 7
Experimental pancreatic islet study 3 (expanded; NIH)
Pancreatic islet cells were expanded according to National Institutes of Health (NIH) protocol for 10 weeks. Expansion phase: 2,000 islet equivalents enriched by retention on a 40-μm filter were seeded onto tissue culture–treated dishes in CMRL-1066 medium containing 2 mmol/l l-glutamine and 10% fetal bovine serum.
Control normal pancreatic islet sample
Pancreatic islets were obtained from seven donors aged between 37 and 70 years and body mass index between 22 and 27. Functional islets were cultured in CMRL 1066 supplemented with 10% FCS, 1% glutamine, 5.6 mM glucose, 1 mM HEPES, 110 U/ml penicillin, and 110 g/ml streptomycin for 7 days or immediately processed after isolation.

pancreatic islet study 3 (re-differentiated; PPRF; 2d) / normal pancreatic islet sample

Relative Expression (log2-ratio):3.4985838
Number of Samples:2 / 7
Experimental pancreatic islet study 3 (re-differentiated; PPRF; 2d)
Human pancreatic islets were isolated from a cadaveric donor. The population was 70% pure in mature islets, which was determined by dithizone staining. Islets cells were expanded for 6 weeks and re-differentiated for 2 days according to Pharmaceutical Production Research Facility (PPRF) Protocol. Re-differentiation phase: For induction of expanded cells to differentiate into islet-like cell clusters, the cells were seeded into 60 mm ultra-low attachment dishes in serum-free CMRL-1066 supplemented with 4 mM L-glutamine, 1% BSA, insulin (10 g/ml), transferrin (5.5 g/ml), sodium selenite (6.7ng/ml), and 1% antibiotic antimycotic solution at a density of 6.0 x 10EXP6 cells per dish. The induction medium was further added with islet neogenesis-associated protein (INGAP) peptide at a concentration of 1.0ug/ml.
Control normal pancreatic islet sample
Pancreatic islets were obtained from seven donors aged between 37 and 70 years and body mass index between 22 and 27. Functional islets were cultured in CMRL 1066 supplemented with 10% FCS, 1% glutamine, 5.6 mM glucose, 1 mM HEPES, 110 U/ml penicillin, and 110 g/ml streptomycin for 7 days or immediately processed after isolation.

pancreatic islet study 3 (re-differentiated; PPRF; 4d) / normal pancreatic islet sample

Relative Expression (log2-ratio):3.4966974
Number of Samples:2 / 7
Experimental pancreatic islet study 3 (re-differentiated; PPRF; 4d)
Human pancreatic islets were isolated from a cadaveric donor. The population was 70% pure in mature islets, which was determined by dithizone staining. Islets cells were expanded for 6 weeks and re-differentiated for 4 days according to Pharmaceutical Production Research Facility (PPRF) Protocol. Re-differentiation phase: For induction of expanded cells to differentiate into islet-like cell clusters, the cells were seeded into 60 mm ultra-low attachment dishes in serum-free CMRL-1066 supplemented with 4 mM L-glutamine, 1% BSA, insulin (10 g/ml), transferrin (5.5 g/ml), sodium selenite (6.7ng/ml), and 1% antibiotic antimycotic solution at a density of 6.0 x 10EXP6 cells per dish. The induction medium was further added with islet neogenesis-associated protein (INGAP) peptide at a concentration of 1.0ug/ml.
Control normal pancreatic islet sample
Pancreatic islets were obtained from seven donors aged between 37 and 70 years and body mass index between 22 and 27. Functional islets were cultured in CMRL 1066 supplemented with 10% FCS, 1% glutamine, 5.6 mM glucose, 1 mM HEPES, 110 U/ml penicillin, and 110 g/ml streptomycin for 7 days or immediately processed after isolation.

renal cell carcinoma study 6 (chromophobe type) / normal kidney tissue (fetal)

Relative Expression (log2-ratio):-3.4806337
Number of Samples:4 / 2
Experimental renal cell carcinoma study 6 (chromophobe type)
Tumor tissue samples from the kidney of patients with chromophobe renal cell carcinoma (cRCC).
Control normal kidney tissue (fetal)
Normal fetal kidney tissue samples.

memory B cell study 1 (CD27high) / memory B cell study 1 (undivided)

Relative Expression (log2-ratio):3.3455524
Number of Samples:6 / 6
Experimental memory B cell study 1 (CD27high)
CD27 enriched proliferating human memory B cells expressing high level of CD27 (marker of antibody secretion) activated with CpG oligodeoxynucleotide (10 ng/ml), recombinant human cytokines IL-2 (20 IU/ml), IL-10 (50 ng/ml), IL-15 (10 ng/ml), recombinant human BAFF (75 ng/ml) in PC-L medium (IMDM medium, lacromin (50mg/ml), insulin (5mg/ml), penicillin/streptomycin, gentamicin (15mg/ml), normocin (0.1% v/v), 10% FCS) for 80 hours.
Control memory B cell study 1 (undivided)
CD27 enriched undivided human memory B cells (expressing low level of CD27) activated with CpG oligodeoxynucleotide (10 ng/ml), recombinant human cytokines IL-2 (20 IU/ml), IL-10 (50 ng/ml), IL-15 (10 ng/ml), recombinant human BAFF (75 ng/ml) in PC-L medium (IMDM medium, lacromin (50mg/ml), insulin (5mg/ml), penicillin/streptomycin, gentamicin (15mg/ml), normocin (0.1% v/v), 10% FCS) for 80 hours.