TOP TEN perturbations for NM_000042 (Homo sapiens)

Organism: Homo sapiens
Gene: NM_000042
Selected probe(set): 205216_s_at
Platform: Affymetrix Human Genome U133 Plus 2.0 Array

Expression of NM_000042 (205216_s_at) across 5339 perturbations tested by GENEVESTIGATOR:

hepatocyte (ESC) / HepaRG

Relative Expression (log2-ratio):-6.3931484
Number of Samples:8 / 12
Experimental hepatocyte (ESC)
Hepatocyte-like cells differentiated from embryonic stem cells (ESC)
Control HepaRG
Immortalized cancer cell line derived from female patient with hepatocellular carcinoma. Cells can be induced to differentiate into hepatocyte-like cells by exposure to DMSO. Synonyms:Hepa-RG Cellosaurus code:

HCC study 20 (CDX; Hep-G2; ectopic) / HCC study 20 (PDX; ectopic)

Relative Expression (log2-ratio):-6.214987
Number of Samples:3 / 11
Experimental HCC study 20 (CDX; Hep-G2; ectopic)
Tumor tissue biopsy samples from Hep-G2 cell line-derived xenograft (CDX) ectopically generated in SCID mice by injecting hepatocellular carcinoma cells subcutaneously. In order to establish ectopic models, cells were injected subcutaneously into the flank regions. The mice were euthanized after two weeks.
Control HCC study 20 (PDX; ectopic)
Tumor tissue biopsy samples from patient-derived xenograft (PDX) sample ectopically generated in SCID mice by injecting hepatocellular carcinoma cells subcutaneously. Donor tumor tissue was obtained intraoperatively during liver resection from three patients. All three patients had hepatocellular carcinoma confirmed by histology. In order to establish ectopic models, cells were injected subcutaneously into the flank regions. The mice were euthanized after two weeks.

embryonic development study 1 (9wk) / embryonic development study 1 (4wk)

Relative Expression (log2-ratio):5.9054737
Number of Samples:3 / 3
Experimental embryonic development study 1 (9wk)
Human embryos at 9th week after fertilization. Embryos were obtained after therapeutic termination of pregnancy with mifepristone.
Control embryonic development study 1 (4wk)
Human embryos at 4th week after fertilization. Embryos were obtained after therapeutic termination of pregnancy with mifepristone.

pancreatic islet study 3 (re-differentiated; PPRF; 4d) / normal pancreatic islet sample

Relative Expression (log2-ratio):-5.7107735
Number of Samples:2 / 7
Experimental pancreatic islet study 3 (re-differentiated; PPRF; 4d)
Human pancreatic islets were isolated from a cadaveric donor. The population was 70% pure in mature islets, which was determined by dithizone staining. Islets cells were expanded for 6 weeks and re-differentiated for 4 days according to Pharmaceutical Production Research Facility (PPRF) Protocol. Re-differentiation phase: For induction of expanded cells to differentiate into islet-like cell clusters, the cells were seeded into 60 mm ultra-low attachment dishes in serum-free CMRL-1066 supplemented with 4 mM L-glutamine, 1% BSA, insulin (10 g/ml), transferrin (5.5 g/ml), sodium selenite (6.7ng/ml), and 1% antibiotic antimycotic solution at a density of 6.0 x 10EXP6 cells per dish. The induction medium was further added with islet neogenesis-associated protein (INGAP) peptide at a concentration of 1.0ug/ml.
Control normal pancreatic islet sample
Pancreatic islets were obtained from seven donors aged between 37 and 70 years and body mass index between 22 and 27. Functional islets were cultured in CMRL 1066 supplemented with 10% FCS, 1% glutamine, 5.6 mM glucose, 1 mM HEPES, 110 U/ml penicillin, and 110 g/ml streptomycin for 7 days or immediately processed after isolation.

hepatocyte (ESC) / Hep-G2

Relative Expression (log2-ratio):-5.681406
Number of Samples:8 / 9
Experimental hepatocyte (ESC)
Hepatocyte-like cells differentiated from embryonic stem cells (ESC)
Control Hep-G2
Human primary cancer cell line derived from the liver of a patient with hepatocellular carcinoma. Synonyms:HEP-G2; Hep G2; HEP G2; HepG2; HEPG2 Cellosaurus code:

pancreatic islet study 3 (expanded; PPRF) / normal pancreatic islet sample

Relative Expression (log2-ratio):-5.6764755
Number of Samples:2 / 7
Experimental pancreatic islet study 3 (expanded; PPRF)
Human pancreatic islets were isolated from a cadaveric donor. The population was 70% pure in mature islets, which was determined by dithizone staining. Islets cells were expanded according to Pharmaceutical Production Research Facility Protocol (PPRF) for 6 weeks. Expansion phase: Approximately 2,500 islet equivalents were seeded onto 75-cm2 fibronectin-coated tissue culture-treated flasks in a proprietary serum-free medium (PPRF medium). The serum-free PPRF medium was supplemented with 30% serum-free mesenchymal-conditioned medium. When the cell migration resulted in the formation of large-size colonies, the cells were harvested by trypsinization and replated into new tissue culture flasks. Once the cells reached near confluence (80?90%) in monolayer, they were trypsinized, counted, and subcultured at a density of 5,000 cells per cm2. Thereafter, cells were serially passaged using the same protocol.
Control normal pancreatic islet sample
Pancreatic islets were obtained from seven donors aged between 37 and 70 years and body mass index between 22 and 27. Functional islets were cultured in CMRL 1066 supplemented with 10% FCS, 1% glutamine, 5.6 mM glucose, 1 mM HEPES, 110 U/ml penicillin, and 110 g/ml streptomycin for 7 days or immediately processed after isolation.

pancreatic islet study 3 (re-differentiated; PPRF; 2d) / normal pancreatic islet sample

Relative Expression (log2-ratio):-5.6733046
Number of Samples:2 / 7
Experimental pancreatic islet study 3 (re-differentiated; PPRF; 2d)
Human pancreatic islets were isolated from a cadaveric donor. The population was 70% pure in mature islets, which was determined by dithizone staining. Islets cells were expanded for 6 weeks and re-differentiated for 2 days according to Pharmaceutical Production Research Facility (PPRF) Protocol. Re-differentiation phase: For induction of expanded cells to differentiate into islet-like cell clusters, the cells were seeded into 60 mm ultra-low attachment dishes in serum-free CMRL-1066 supplemented with 4 mM L-glutamine, 1% BSA, insulin (10 g/ml), transferrin (5.5 g/ml), sodium selenite (6.7ng/ml), and 1% antibiotic antimycotic solution at a density of 6.0 x 10EXP6 cells per dish. The induction medium was further added with islet neogenesis-associated protein (INGAP) peptide at a concentration of 1.0ug/ml.
Control normal pancreatic islet sample
Pancreatic islets were obtained from seven donors aged between 37 and 70 years and body mass index between 22 and 27. Functional islets were cultured in CMRL 1066 supplemented with 10% FCS, 1% glutamine, 5.6 mM glucose, 1 mM HEPES, 110 U/ml penicillin, and 110 g/ml streptomycin for 7 days or immediately processed after isolation.

pancreatic islet study 3 (expanded; NIH) / normal pancreatic islet sample

Relative Expression (log2-ratio):-5.6261435
Number of Samples:3 / 7
Experimental pancreatic islet study 3 (expanded; NIH)
Pancreatic islet cells were expanded according to National Institutes of Health (NIH) protocol for 10 weeks. Expansion phase: 2,000 islet equivalents enriched by retention on a 40-?m filter were seeded onto tissue culture?treated dishes in CMRL-1066 medium containing 2 mmol/l l-glutamine and 10% fetal bovine serum.
Control normal pancreatic islet sample
Pancreatic islets were obtained from seven donors aged between 37 and 70 years and body mass index between 22 and 27. Functional islets were cultured in CMRL 1066 supplemented with 10% FCS, 1% glutamine, 5.6 mM glucose, 1 mM HEPES, 110 U/ml penicillin, and 110 g/ml streptomycin for 7 days or immediately processed after isolation.

pancreatic islet study 3 (expanded; Whittier; HGF) / normal pancreatic islet sample

Relative Expression (log2-ratio):-5.5579557
Number of Samples:3 / 7
Experimental pancreatic islet study 3 (expanded; Whittier; HGF)
Human pancreatic islets cells were expanded according to Whittier protocol and treated with hepatocyte growth factor (HGF, 25 ng/ml) for 4 weeks. Expansion phase: 1000 islets of 50?150?m in diameter were purified by hand-picking after dithizone staining, partially dissociated using Versene to separate ?outer? and ?inner? populations, the outer population was removed. Cell clusters from the inner population were plated on HTB-9 matrix-coated dishes in RPMI-1640 supplemented with 2 mM L-glutamine, 10% FBS, and 25 ng/ml HGF. After confluence, cells were harvested using Versene containing 0.025% trypsin and subcultured (1:2).
Control normal pancreatic islet sample
Pancreatic islets were obtained from seven donors aged between 37 and 70 years and body mass index between 22 and 27. Functional islets were cultured in CMRL 1066 supplemented with 10% FCS, 1% glutamine, 5.6 mM glucose, 1 mM HEPES, 110 U/ml penicillin, and 110 g/ml streptomycin for 7 days or immediately processed after isolation.

pancreatic islet study 3 (re-differentiated; PPRF; 6d) / normal pancreatic islet sample

Relative Expression (log2-ratio):-5.444832
Number of Samples:2 / 7
Experimental pancreatic islet study 3 (re-differentiated; PPRF; 6d)
Human pancreatic islets were isolated from a cadaveric donor. The population was 70% pure in mature islets, which was determined by dithizone staining. Islets cells were expanded for 6 weeks and re-differentiated for 6 days according to Pharmaceutical Production Research Facility (PPRF) Protocol. Re-differentiation phase: For induction of expanded cells to differentiate into islet-like cell clusters, the cells were seeded into 60 mm ultra-low attachment dishes in serum-free CMRL-1066 supplemented with 4 mM L-glutamine, 1% BSA, insulin (10 g/ml), transferrin (5.5 g/ml), sodium selenite (6.7ng/ml), and 1% antibiotic antimycotic solution at a density of 6.0 x 10EXP6 cells per dish. The induction medium was further added with islet neogenesis-associated protein (INGAP) peptide at a concentration of 1.0 ug/ml.
Control normal pancreatic islet sample
Pancreatic islets were obtained from seven donors aged between 37 and 70 years and body mass index between 22 and 27. Functional islets were cultured in CMRL 1066 supplemented with 10% FCS, 1% glutamine, 5.6 mM glucose, 1 mM HEPES, 110 U/ml penicillin, and 110 g/ml streptomycin for 7 days or immediately processed after isolation.