TOP TEN perturbations for NM_000162 (Homo sapiens)

Organism: Homo sapiens
Gene: NM_000162
Selected probe(set): 211167_s_at
Platform: Affymetrix Human Genome U133 Plus 2.0 Array

Expression of NM_000162 (211167_s_at) across 5339 perturbations tested by GENEVESTIGATOR:

pancreatic islet study 3 (expanded; Whittier; HGF) / normal pancreatic islet sample

Relative Expression (log2-ratio):-2.303276
Number of Samples:3 / 7
Experimental pancreatic islet study 3 (expanded; Whittier; HGF)
Human pancreatic islets cells were expanded according to Whittier protocol and treated with hepatocyte growth factor (HGF, 25 ng/ml) for 4 weeks. Expansion phase: 1000 islets of 50?150?m in diameter were purified by hand-picking after dithizone staining, partially dissociated using Versene to separate ?outer? and ?inner? populations, the outer population was removed. Cell clusters from the inner population were plated on HTB-9 matrix-coated dishes in RPMI-1640 supplemented with 2 mM L-glutamine, 10% FBS, and 25 ng/ml HGF. After confluence, cells were harvested using Versene containing 0.025% trypsin and subcultured (1:2).
Control normal pancreatic islet sample
Pancreatic islets were obtained from seven donors aged between 37 and 70 years and body mass index between 22 and 27. Functional islets were cultured in CMRL 1066 supplemented with 10% FCS, 1% glutamine, 5.6 mM glucose, 1 mM HEPES, 110 U/ml penicillin, and 110 g/ml streptomycin for 7 days or immediately processed after isolation.

pancreatic islet study 3 (re-differentiated; Whittier) / normal pancreatic islet sample

Relative Expression (log2-ratio):-2.1083956
Number of Samples:2 / 7
Experimental pancreatic islet study 3 (re-differentiated; Whittier)
Human pancreatic islets were from 2 male donors (46 and 54 years old, body mass index 21kg/m2 and 31.6kg/m2). Islets cells were expanded for 4 weeks and re-differentiated for 1 week according to Whittier protocol. Re-differentiation phase: After four passages (1 month expansion), cells were dispersed with Versene and cultured in serum-free CMRL-1066 medium supplemented with insulin (10 g/ml), transferrin (5.5 g/ml), sodium selenite (6.7ng/ml). After 1 week of culture on HTB-9-coated plates, cells were harvested and forced to reaggregate overnight.
Control normal pancreatic islet sample
Pancreatic islets were obtained from seven donors aged between 37 and 70 years and body mass index between 22 and 27. Functional islets were cultured in CMRL 1066 supplemented with 10% FCS, 1% glutamine, 5.6 mM glucose, 1 mM HEPES, 110 U/ml penicillin, and 110 g/ml streptomycin for 7 days or immediately processed after isolation.

pancreatic islet study 3 (re-differentiated; PPRF; 8d) / normal pancreatic islet sample

Relative Expression (log2-ratio):-1.9985828
Number of Samples:2 / 7
Experimental pancreatic islet study 3 (re-differentiated; PPRF; 8d)
Human pancreatic islets were isolated from a cadaveric donor. The population was 70% pure in mature islets, which was determined by dithizone staining. Islets cells were expanded for 6 weeks and re-differentiated for 8 days according to Pharmaceutical Production Research Facility (PPRF) Protocol. Re-differentiation phase: For induction of expanded cells to differentiate into islet-like cell clusters, the cells were seeded into 60 mm ultra-low attachment dishes in serum-free CMRL-1066 supplemented with 4 mM L-glutamine, 1% BSA, insulin (10 g/ml), transferrin (5.5 g/ml), sodium selenite (6.7ng/ml), and 1% antibiotic antimycotic solution at a density of 6.0 x 10EXP6 cells per dish. The induction medium was further added with islet neogenesis-associated protein (INGAP) peptide at a concentration of 1.0 ug/ml.
Control normal pancreatic islet sample
Pancreatic islets were obtained from seven donors aged between 37 and 70 years and body mass index between 22 and 27. Functional islets were cultured in CMRL 1066 supplemented with 10% FCS, 1% glutamine, 5.6 mM glucose, 1 mM HEPES, 110 U/ml penicillin, and 110 g/ml streptomycin for 7 days or immediately processed after isolation.

pancreatic islet study 3 (re-differentiated; NIH) / normal pancreatic islet sample

Relative Expression (log2-ratio):-1.9719563
Number of Samples:4 / 7
Experimental pancreatic islet study 3 (re-differentiated; NIH)
Pancreatic islet cells were expanded for 10 weeks and re-differentiated for 1 week according to National Institutes of Health (NIH) protocol. Re-differentiation phase: Expanded cells were cultured for 1 week in serum-free CMRL-1066 medium supplemented with insulin (10 g/ml), transferrin (5.5 g/ml), sodium selenite (6.7ng/ml).
Control normal pancreatic islet sample
Pancreatic islets were obtained from seven donors aged between 37 and 70 years and body mass index between 22 and 27. Functional islets were cultured in CMRL 1066 supplemented with 10% FCS, 1% glutamine, 5.6 mM glucose, 1 mM HEPES, 110 U/ml penicillin, and 110 g/ml streptomycin for 7 days or immediately processed after isolation.

pancreatic islet study 3 (re-differentiated; PPRF; 2d) / normal pancreatic islet sample

Relative Expression (log2-ratio):-1.9504995
Number of Samples:2 / 7
Experimental pancreatic islet study 3 (re-differentiated; PPRF; 2d)
Human pancreatic islets were isolated from a cadaveric donor. The population was 70% pure in mature islets, which was determined by dithizone staining. Islets cells were expanded for 6 weeks and re-differentiated for 2 days according to Pharmaceutical Production Research Facility (PPRF) Protocol. Re-differentiation phase: For induction of expanded cells to differentiate into islet-like cell clusters, the cells were seeded into 60 mm ultra-low attachment dishes in serum-free CMRL-1066 supplemented with 4 mM L-glutamine, 1% BSA, insulin (10 g/ml), transferrin (5.5 g/ml), sodium selenite (6.7ng/ml), and 1% antibiotic antimycotic solution at a density of 6.0 x 10EXP6 cells per dish. The induction medium was further added with islet neogenesis-associated protein (INGAP) peptide at a concentration of 1.0ug/ml.
Control normal pancreatic islet sample
Pancreatic islets were obtained from seven donors aged between 37 and 70 years and body mass index between 22 and 27. Functional islets were cultured in CMRL 1066 supplemented with 10% FCS, 1% glutamine, 5.6 mM glucose, 1 mM HEPES, 110 U/ml penicillin, and 110 g/ml streptomycin for 7 days or immediately processed after isolation.

pancreatic islet study 3 (re-differentiated; PPRF; 4d) / normal pancreatic islet sample

Relative Expression (log2-ratio):-1.9456282
Number of Samples:2 / 7
Experimental pancreatic islet study 3 (re-differentiated; PPRF; 4d)
Human pancreatic islets were isolated from a cadaveric donor. The population was 70% pure in mature islets, which was determined by dithizone staining. Islets cells were expanded for 6 weeks and re-differentiated for 4 days according to Pharmaceutical Production Research Facility (PPRF) Protocol. Re-differentiation phase: For induction of expanded cells to differentiate into islet-like cell clusters, the cells were seeded into 60 mm ultra-low attachment dishes in serum-free CMRL-1066 supplemented with 4 mM L-glutamine, 1% BSA, insulin (10 g/ml), transferrin (5.5 g/ml), sodium selenite (6.7ng/ml), and 1% antibiotic antimycotic solution at a density of 6.0 x 10EXP6 cells per dish. The induction medium was further added with islet neogenesis-associated protein (INGAP) peptide at a concentration of 1.0ug/ml.
Control normal pancreatic islet sample
Pancreatic islets were obtained from seven donors aged between 37 and 70 years and body mass index between 22 and 27. Functional islets were cultured in CMRL 1066 supplemented with 10% FCS, 1% glutamine, 5.6 mM glucose, 1 mM HEPES, 110 U/ml penicillin, and 110 g/ml streptomycin for 7 days or immediately processed after isolation.

pancreatic islet study 3 (re-differentiated; PPRF; 6d) / normal pancreatic islet sample

Relative Expression (log2-ratio):-1.9080982
Number of Samples:2 / 7
Experimental pancreatic islet study 3 (re-differentiated; PPRF; 6d)
Human pancreatic islets were isolated from a cadaveric donor. The population was 70% pure in mature islets, which was determined by dithizone staining. Islets cells were expanded for 6 weeks and re-differentiated for 6 days according to Pharmaceutical Production Research Facility (PPRF) Protocol. Re-differentiation phase: For induction of expanded cells to differentiate into islet-like cell clusters, the cells were seeded into 60 mm ultra-low attachment dishes in serum-free CMRL-1066 supplemented with 4 mM L-glutamine, 1% BSA, insulin (10 g/ml), transferrin (5.5 g/ml), sodium selenite (6.7ng/ml), and 1% antibiotic antimycotic solution at a density of 6.0 x 10EXP6 cells per dish. The induction medium was further added with islet neogenesis-associated protein (INGAP) peptide at a concentration of 1.0 ug/ml.
Control normal pancreatic islet sample
Pancreatic islets were obtained from seven donors aged between 37 and 70 years and body mass index between 22 and 27. Functional islets were cultured in CMRL 1066 supplemented with 10% FCS, 1% glutamine, 5.6 mM glucose, 1 mM HEPES, 110 U/ml penicillin, and 110 g/ml streptomycin for 7 days or immediately processed after isolation.

pancreatic islet study 3 (expanded; NIH) / normal pancreatic islet sample

Relative Expression (log2-ratio):-1.8648958
Number of Samples:3 / 7
Experimental pancreatic islet study 3 (expanded; NIH)
Pancreatic islet cells were expanded according to National Institutes of Health (NIH) protocol for 10 weeks. Expansion phase: 2,000 islet equivalents enriched by retention on a 40-?m filter were seeded onto tissue culture?treated dishes in CMRL-1066 medium containing 2 mmol/l l-glutamine and 10% fetal bovine serum.
Control normal pancreatic islet sample
Pancreatic islets were obtained from seven donors aged between 37 and 70 years and body mass index between 22 and 27. Functional islets were cultured in CMRL 1066 supplemented with 10% FCS, 1% glutamine, 5.6 mM glucose, 1 mM HEPES, 110 U/ml penicillin, and 110 g/ml streptomycin for 7 days or immediately processed after isolation.

HCC study 9 (HBV; HCV) / HCC study 9 (HBV)

Relative Expression (log2-ratio):1.715394
Number of Samples:2 / 10
Experimental HCC study 9 (HBV; HCV)
Liver tissue biopsy sample from patients with Hepatitis B and C infection related hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) after resection.
Control HCC study 9 (HBV)
Liver tissue biopsy sample from patients with Hepatitis B infection related hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) after resection.

hepatitis B study 2 (fibrosis stage 4) / hepatitis B study 2 (fibrosis stage 1)

Relative Expression (log2-ratio):-1.6427851
Number of Samples:10 / 20
Experimental hepatitis B study 2 (fibrosis stage 4)
Liver biopsy samples from patients with liver fibrosis stage 4 (Scheuer system) caused by chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection. Patients were diagnosed on the basis of the criteria recommended by the Asian Pacific Association for the Study of the Liver. Patients had not taken any antiviral therapies or immunosuppressive drugs within six months before sampling. Individuals with concurrent hepatitis C virus, hepatitis D virus or human immunodeficiency virus infection, autoimmune liver disease, drug induced liver injury, alcoholic liver disease or hepatocellular carcinoma were excluded. Two experienced pathologists independently measured and confirmed the fibrosis staging and inflammation grading (Scheuer system). Total RNA was extracted from approximately 100 mg of frozen tissue.
Control hepatitis B study 2 (fibrosis stage 1)
Liver biopsy samples from patients with liver fibrosis stage 1 (Scheuer system) caused by chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection. Patients were diagnosed on the basis of the criteria recommended by the Asian Pacific Association for the Study of the Liver. Patients had not taken any antiviral therapies or immunosuppressive drugs within six months before sampling. Individuals with concurrent hepatitis C virus, hepatitis D virus or human immunodeficiency virus infection, autoimmune liver disease, drug induced liver injury, alcoholic liver disease or hepatocellular carcinoma were excluded. Two experienced pathologists independently measured and confirmed the fibrosis staging and inflammation grading (Scheuer system). Total RNA was extracted from approximately 100 mg of frozen tissue.