TOP TEN perturbations for NM_000295 (Homo sapiens)

Organism: Homo sapiens
Gene: NM_000295
Selected probe(set): 211429_s_at
Platform: Affymetrix Human Genome U133 Plus 2.0 Array

Expression of NM_000295 (211429_s_at) across 5392 perturbations tested by GENEVESTIGATOR:

HCC study 20 (CDX; Hep-G2; ectopic) / HCC study 20 (PDX; ectopic)

Relative Expression (log2-ratio):-8.629464
Number of Samples:3 / 11
Experimental HCC study 20 (CDX; Hep-G2; ectopic)
Tumor tissue biopsy samples from Hep-G2 cell line-derived xenograft (CDX) ectopically generated in SCID mice by injecting hepatocellular carcinoma cells subcutaneously. In order to establish ectopic models, cells were injected subcutaneously into the flank regions. The mice were euthanized after two weeks.
Control HCC study 20 (PDX; ectopic)
Tumor tissue biopsy samples from patient-derived xenograft (PDX) sample ectopically generated in SCID mice by injecting hepatocellular carcinoma cells subcutaneously. Donor tumor tissue was obtained intraoperatively during liver resection from three patients. All three patients had hepatocellular carcinoma confirmed by histology. In order to establish ectopic models, cells were injected subcutaneously into the flank regions. The mice were euthanized after two weeks.

pancreatic islet study 3 (re-differentiated; PPRF; 6d) / normal pancreatic islet sample

Relative Expression (log2-ratio):-8.188171
Number of Samples:2 / 7
Experimental pancreatic islet study 3 (re-differentiated; PPRF; 6d)
Human pancreatic islets were isolated from a cadaveric donor. The population was 70% pure in mature islets, which was determined by dithizone staining. Islets cells were expanded for 6 weeks and re-differentiated for 6 days according to Pharmaceutical Production Research Facility (PPRF) Protocol. Re-differentiation phase: For induction of expanded cells to differentiate into islet-like cell clusters, the cells were seeded into 60 mm ultra-low attachment dishes in serum-free CMRL-1066 supplemented with 4 mM L-glutamine, 1% BSA, insulin (10 g/ml), transferrin (5.5 g/ml), sodium selenite (6.7ng/ml), and 1% antibiotic antimycotic solution at a density of 6.0 x 10EXP6 cells per dish. The induction medium was further added with islet neogenesis-associated protein (INGAP) peptide at a concentration of 1.0 ug/ml.
Control normal pancreatic islet sample
Pancreatic islets were obtained from seven donors aged between 37 and 70 years and body mass index between 22 and 27. Functional islets were cultured in CMRL 1066 supplemented with 10% FCS, 1% glutamine, 5.6 mM glucose, 1 mM HEPES, 110 U/ml penicillin, and 110 g/ml streptomycin for 7 days or immediately processed after isolation.

pancreatic islet study 3 (re-differentiated; PPRF; 4d) / normal pancreatic islet sample

Relative Expression (log2-ratio):-7.7836037
Number of Samples:2 / 7
Experimental pancreatic islet study 3 (re-differentiated; PPRF; 4d)
Human pancreatic islets were isolated from a cadaveric donor. The population was 70% pure in mature islets, which was determined by dithizone staining. Islets cells were expanded for 6 weeks and re-differentiated for 4 days according to Pharmaceutical Production Research Facility (PPRF) Protocol. Re-differentiation phase: For induction of expanded cells to differentiate into islet-like cell clusters, the cells were seeded into 60 mm ultra-low attachment dishes in serum-free CMRL-1066 supplemented with 4 mM L-glutamine, 1% BSA, insulin (10 g/ml), transferrin (5.5 g/ml), sodium selenite (6.7ng/ml), and 1% antibiotic antimycotic solution at a density of 6.0 x 10EXP6 cells per dish. The induction medium was further added with islet neogenesis-associated protein (INGAP) peptide at a concentration of 1.0ug/ml.
Control normal pancreatic islet sample
Pancreatic islets were obtained from seven donors aged between 37 and 70 years and body mass index between 22 and 27. Functional islets were cultured in CMRL 1066 supplemented with 10% FCS, 1% glutamine, 5.6 mM glucose, 1 mM HEPES, 110 U/ml penicillin, and 110 g/ml streptomycin for 7 days or immediately processed after isolation.

pancreatic islet study 3 (re-differentiated; PPRF; 2d) / normal pancreatic islet sample

Relative Expression (log2-ratio):-7.7723446
Number of Samples:2 / 7
Experimental pancreatic islet study 3 (re-differentiated; PPRF; 2d)
Human pancreatic islets were isolated from a cadaveric donor. The population was 70% pure in mature islets, which was determined by dithizone staining. Islets cells were expanded for 6 weeks and re-differentiated for 2 days according to Pharmaceutical Production Research Facility (PPRF) Protocol. Re-differentiation phase: For induction of expanded cells to differentiate into islet-like cell clusters, the cells were seeded into 60 mm ultra-low attachment dishes in serum-free CMRL-1066 supplemented with 4 mM L-glutamine, 1% BSA, insulin (10 g/ml), transferrin (5.5 g/ml), sodium selenite (6.7ng/ml), and 1% antibiotic antimycotic solution at a density of 6.0 x 10EXP6 cells per dish. The induction medium was further added with islet neogenesis-associated protein (INGAP) peptide at a concentration of 1.0ug/ml.
Control normal pancreatic islet sample
Pancreatic islets were obtained from seven donors aged between 37 and 70 years and body mass index between 22 and 27. Functional islets were cultured in CMRL 1066 supplemented with 10% FCS, 1% glutamine, 5.6 mM glucose, 1 mM HEPES, 110 U/ml penicillin, and 110 g/ml streptomycin for 7 days or immediately processed after isolation.

pancreatic islet study 3 (expanded; PPRF) / normal pancreatic islet sample

Relative Expression (log2-ratio):-7.748823
Number of Samples:2 / 7
Experimental pancreatic islet study 3 (expanded; PPRF)
Human pancreatic islets were isolated from a cadaveric donor. The population was 70% pure in mature islets, which was determined by dithizone staining. Islets cells were expanded according to Pharmaceutical Production Research Facility Protocol (PPRF) for 6 weeks. Expansion phase: Approximately 2,500 islet equivalents were seeded onto 75-cm2 fibronectin-coated tissue culture-treated flasks in a proprietary serum-free medium (PPRF medium). The serum-free PPRF medium was supplemented with 30% serum-free mesenchymal-conditioned medium. When the cell migration resulted in the formation of large-size colonies, the cells were harvested by trypsinization and replated into new tissue culture flasks. Once the cells reached near confluence (80?90%) in monolayer, they were trypsinized, counted, and subcultured at a density of 5,000 cells per cm2. Thereafter, cells were serially passaged using the same protocol.
Control normal pancreatic islet sample
Pancreatic islets were obtained from seven donors aged between 37 and 70 years and body mass index between 22 and 27. Functional islets were cultured in CMRL 1066 supplemented with 10% FCS, 1% glutamine, 5.6 mM glucose, 1 mM HEPES, 110 U/ml penicillin, and 110 g/ml streptomycin for 7 days or immediately processed after isolation.

pancreatic islet study 3 (re-differentiated; PPRF; 8d) / normal pancreatic islet sample

Relative Expression (log2-ratio):-7.73304
Number of Samples:2 / 7
Experimental pancreatic islet study 3 (re-differentiated; PPRF; 8d)
Human pancreatic islets were isolated from a cadaveric donor. The population was 70% pure in mature islets, which was determined by dithizone staining. Islets cells were expanded for 6 weeks and re-differentiated for 8 days according to Pharmaceutical Production Research Facility (PPRF) Protocol. Re-differentiation phase: For induction of expanded cells to differentiate into islet-like cell clusters, the cells were seeded into 60 mm ultra-low attachment dishes in serum-free CMRL-1066 supplemented with 4 mM L-glutamine, 1% BSA, insulin (10 g/ml), transferrin (5.5 g/ml), sodium selenite (6.7ng/ml), and 1% antibiotic antimycotic solution at a density of 6.0 x 10EXP6 cells per dish. The induction medium was further added with islet neogenesis-associated protein (INGAP) peptide at a concentration of 1.0 ug/ml.
Control normal pancreatic islet sample
Pancreatic islets were obtained from seven donors aged between 37 and 70 years and body mass index between 22 and 27. Functional islets were cultured in CMRL 1066 supplemented with 10% FCS, 1% glutamine, 5.6 mM glucose, 1 mM HEPES, 110 U/ml penicillin, and 110 g/ml streptomycin for 7 days or immediately processed after isolation.

stem cell differentiation study 41 (T3pi) / undifferentiated hES-T3 cell sample

Relative Expression (log2-ratio):7.383751
Number of Samples:2 / 3
Experimental stem cell differentiation study 41 (T3pi)
Sample of pancreatic islet-like cell clusters differentiated from human embryonic stem cells T3 with female karyotype.
Control undifferentiated hES-T3 cell sample
Undifferentiated human embryonic stem cells T3.

HCC study 20 (CDX; Hep-G2; orthotopic) / HCC study 20 (PDX; orthotopic)

Relative Expression (log2-ratio):-6.175417
Number of Samples:5 / 11
Experimental HCC study 20 (CDX; Hep-G2; orthotopic)
Tumor tissue biopsy samples from Hep-G2 cell line-derived xenograft (CDX) orthotopically generated in SCID mice by injecting hepatocellular carcinoma cells directly into liver parenchyma. In order to establish orthotopic model, the left lobe of liver was exposed through midline abdominal incision and cells were injected directly into liver parenchyma of mice. The mice were euthanized after two weeks.
Control HCC study 20 (PDX; orthotopic)
Tumor tissue biopsy samples from patient-derived xenograft (PDX) sample orthotopically generated in SCID mice by injecting hepatocellular carcinoma cells directly into liver parenchyma. Donor tumor tissue was obtained intraoperatively during liver resection from three patients. All three patients had hepatocellular carcinoma confirmed by histology. In order to establish orthotopic model, the left lobe of liver was exposed through midline abdominal incision and cells were injected directly into liver parenchyma of mice. The mice were euthanized after two weeks.

pancreatic islet study 3 (expanded; NIH) / normal pancreatic islet sample

Relative Expression (log2-ratio):-5.951063
Number of Samples:3 / 7
Experimental pancreatic islet study 3 (expanded; NIH)
Pancreatic islet cells were expanded according to National Institutes of Health (NIH) protocol for 10 weeks. Expansion phase: 2,000 islet equivalents enriched by retention on a 40-?m filter were seeded onto tissue culture?treated dishes in CMRL-1066 medium containing 2 mmol/l l-glutamine and 10% fetal bovine serum.
Control normal pancreatic islet sample
Pancreatic islets were obtained from seven donors aged between 37 and 70 years and body mass index between 22 and 27. Functional islets were cultured in CMRL 1066 supplemented with 10% FCS, 1% glutamine, 5.6 mM glucose, 1 mM HEPES, 110 U/ml penicillin, and 110 g/ml streptomycin for 7 days or immediately processed after isolation.

stem cell differentiation study 41 (hES-T3 EB) / undifferentiated hES-T3 cell sample

Relative Expression (log2-ratio):5.6582212
Number of Samples:2 / 3
Experimental stem cell differentiation study 41 (hES-T3 EB)
Sample of embryonic bodies (EB) differentiated from human embryonic stem cells T3 with female karyotype.
Control undifferentiated hES-T3 cell sample
Undifferentiated human embryonic stem cells T3.