TOP TEN perturbations for NM_000396 (Homo sapiens)

Organism: Homo sapiens
Gene: NM_000396
Selected probe(set): 202450_s_at
Platform: Affymetrix Human Genome U133 Plus 2.0 Array

Expression of NM_000396 (202450_s_at) across 5392 perturbations tested by GENEVESTIGATOR:

glioma study 16 (BS-149) / normal astrocyte sample

Relative Expression (log2-ratio):5.2791014
Number of Samples:2 / 3
Experimental glioma study 16 (BS-149)
Human glioma cell line BS149 was cultured in DMEM supplemented with 10% FCS (fetal calf serum) and antibiotics at 37?C and 5% CO2.
Control normal astrocyte sample
Normal brain astrocytes. Clonetics normal human astrocytes (NHA) from Cambrex (primary-derived cultures) and cultured according to the manufacturer's recommendations.

pancreatic islet study 3 (re-differentiated; PPRF; 2d) / normal pancreatic islet sample

Relative Expression (log2-ratio):4.5561686
Number of Samples:2 / 7
Experimental pancreatic islet study 3 (re-differentiated; PPRF; 2d)
Human pancreatic islets were isolated from a cadaveric donor. The population was 70% pure in mature islets, which was determined by dithizone staining. Islets cells were expanded for 6 weeks and re-differentiated for 2 days according to Pharmaceutical Production Research Facility (PPRF) Protocol. Re-differentiation phase: For induction of expanded cells to differentiate into islet-like cell clusters, the cells were seeded into 60 mm ultra-low attachment dishes in serum-free CMRL-1066 supplemented with 4 mM L-glutamine, 1% BSA, insulin (10 g/ml), transferrin (5.5 g/ml), sodium selenite (6.7ng/ml), and 1% antibiotic antimycotic solution at a density of 6.0 x 10EXP6 cells per dish. The induction medium was further added with islet neogenesis-associated protein (INGAP) peptide at a concentration of 1.0ug/ml.
Control normal pancreatic islet sample
Pancreatic islets were obtained from seven donors aged between 37 and 70 years and body mass index between 22 and 27. Functional islets were cultured in CMRL 1066 supplemented with 10% FCS, 1% glutamine, 5.6 mM glucose, 1 mM HEPES, 110 U/ml penicillin, and 110 g/ml streptomycin for 7 days or immediately processed after isolation.

Merkel cell carcinoma study 3 (metastatic) / normal skin tissue

Relative Expression (log2-ratio):-4.4092054
Number of Samples:22 / 64
Experimental Merkel cell carcinoma study 3 (metastatic)
Metastatic tumor tissue from different metastatic sites (skin, lymph node, parotid gland) of patients with Merkel cell carcinoma of the skin.
Control normal skin tissue
Normal skin samples from healthy donors.

pancreatic islet study 3 (re-differentiated; PPRF; 4d) / normal pancreatic islet sample

Relative Expression (log2-ratio):4.3534536
Number of Samples:2 / 7
Experimental pancreatic islet study 3 (re-differentiated; PPRF; 4d)
Human pancreatic islets were isolated from a cadaveric donor. The population was 70% pure in mature islets, which was determined by dithizone staining. Islets cells were expanded for 6 weeks and re-differentiated for 4 days according to Pharmaceutical Production Research Facility (PPRF) Protocol. Re-differentiation phase: For induction of expanded cells to differentiate into islet-like cell clusters, the cells were seeded into 60 mm ultra-low attachment dishes in serum-free CMRL-1066 supplemented with 4 mM L-glutamine, 1% BSA, insulin (10 g/ml), transferrin (5.5 g/ml), sodium selenite (6.7ng/ml), and 1% antibiotic antimycotic solution at a density of 6.0 x 10EXP6 cells per dish. The induction medium was further added with islet neogenesis-associated protein (INGAP) peptide at a concentration of 1.0ug/ml.
Control normal pancreatic islet sample
Pancreatic islets were obtained from seven donors aged between 37 and 70 years and body mass index between 22 and 27. Functional islets were cultured in CMRL 1066 supplemented with 10% FCS, 1% glutamine, 5.6 mM glucose, 1 mM HEPES, 110 U/ml penicillin, and 110 g/ml streptomycin for 7 days or immediately processed after isolation.

pancreatic islet study 3 (re-differentiated; PPRF; 6d) / normal pancreatic islet sample

Relative Expression (log2-ratio):4.2144613
Number of Samples:2 / 7
Experimental pancreatic islet study 3 (re-differentiated; PPRF; 6d)
Human pancreatic islets were isolated from a cadaveric donor. The population was 70% pure in mature islets, which was determined by dithizone staining. Islets cells were expanded for 6 weeks and re-differentiated for 6 days according to Pharmaceutical Production Research Facility (PPRF) Protocol. Re-differentiation phase: For induction of expanded cells to differentiate into islet-like cell clusters, the cells were seeded into 60 mm ultra-low attachment dishes in serum-free CMRL-1066 supplemented with 4 mM L-glutamine, 1% BSA, insulin (10 g/ml), transferrin (5.5 g/ml), sodium selenite (6.7ng/ml), and 1% antibiotic antimycotic solution at a density of 6.0 x 10EXP6 cells per dish. The induction medium was further added with islet neogenesis-associated protein (INGAP) peptide at a concentration of 1.0 ug/ml.
Control normal pancreatic islet sample
Pancreatic islets were obtained from seven donors aged between 37 and 70 years and body mass index between 22 and 27. Functional islets were cultured in CMRL 1066 supplemented with 10% FCS, 1% glutamine, 5.6 mM glucose, 1 mM HEPES, 110 U/ml penicillin, and 110 g/ml streptomycin for 7 days or immediately processed after isolation.

prostate cancer study 8 (p. canc) / prostate cancer study 8 (ptasc)

Relative Expression (log2-ratio):-4.174858
Number of Samples:3 / 2
Experimental prostate cancer study 8 (p. canc)
CD26+ FACS sorted prostate neoplasm cell (p. canc) samples from patients with primary prostate cancer collected after radical prostatectomy.
Control prostate cancer study 8 (ptasc)
CD90+ FACS sorted prostate tumor-associated stromal cell (ptasc) samples from patients with primary prostate cancer collected after radical prostatectomy.

prostate cancer study 8 (p. canc) / prostate cancer study 8 (psfmc)

Relative Expression (log2-ratio):-3.7720623
Number of Samples:3 / 5
Experimental prostate cancer study 8 (p. canc)
CD26+ FACS sorted prostate neoplasm cell (p. canc) samples from patients with primary prostate cancer collected after radical prostatectomy.
Control prostate cancer study 8 (psfmc)
CD49a+ FACS sorted prostate stromal fibromuscular cell (psfmc) samples from patients with primary prostate cancer collected after radical prostatectomy.

breast cancer study 39 (metastase; brain) / breast cancer study 39 (metastase; bone)

Relative Expression (log2-ratio):-3.6509943
Number of Samples:15 / 10
Experimental breast cancer study 39 (metastase; brain)
Metastatic tumor tissue obtained from the brain of female patients with primary breast carcinoma.
Control breast cancer study 39 (metastase; bone)
Metastatic tumor tissue obtained from bone of female patients with primary breast carcinoma.

pancreatic islet study 3 (re-differentiated; PPRF; 8d) / normal pancreatic islet sample

Relative Expression (log2-ratio):3.582055
Number of Samples:2 / 7
Experimental pancreatic islet study 3 (re-differentiated; PPRF; 8d)
Human pancreatic islets were isolated from a cadaveric donor. The population was 70% pure in mature islets, which was determined by dithizone staining. Islets cells were expanded for 6 weeks and re-differentiated for 8 days according to Pharmaceutical Production Research Facility (PPRF) Protocol. Re-differentiation phase: For induction of expanded cells to differentiate into islet-like cell clusters, the cells were seeded into 60 mm ultra-low attachment dishes in serum-free CMRL-1066 supplemented with 4 mM L-glutamine, 1% BSA, insulin (10 g/ml), transferrin (5.5 g/ml), sodium selenite (6.7ng/ml), and 1% antibiotic antimycotic solution at a density of 6.0 x 10EXP6 cells per dish. The induction medium was further added with islet neogenesis-associated protein (INGAP) peptide at a concentration of 1.0 ug/ml.
Control normal pancreatic islet sample
Pancreatic islets were obtained from seven donors aged between 37 and 70 years and body mass index between 22 and 27. Functional islets were cultured in CMRL 1066 supplemented with 10% FCS, 1% glutamine, 5.6 mM glucose, 1 mM HEPES, 110 U/ml penicillin, and 110 g/ml streptomycin for 7 days or immediately processed after isolation.

Crohn's disease study 3 (baseline; non-responder; colon) / normal colon mucosa tissue

Relative Expression (log2-ratio):3.0448647
Number of Samples:7 / 6
Experimental Crohn's disease study 3 (baseline; non-responder; colon)
Colonic mucosal biopsies derived from Crohn's disease patients who are non-responders to infliximab treatment. Biopsies were taken within a week prior to the first intravenous infusion of infliximab; the response to infliximab was assessed 4 to 6 weeks after the first infliximab treatment. The response was defined as a complete mucosal healing with a decrease of at least 3 points on the histological score for Crohn's disease (CDc) and as a decrease to a Mayo endoscopic subscore of 0 or 1 with a decrease to grade 0 or 1 on the histological score for ulcerative colitis (UC). More strict response criteria were used for Crohn's ileitis (CDi). More baseline information about the patients are available in the publication.
Control normal colon mucosa tissue
Colonic mucosal biopsy from control subject obtained at the endoscopy for polyps screening.