TOP TEN perturbations for P04216 (Homo sapiens)

Organism: Homo sapiens
Gene: P04216
Selected probe(set): 208850_s_at
Platform: Affymetrix Human Genome U133 Plus 2.0 Array

Expression of P04216 (208850_s_at) across 5610 perturbations tested by GENEVESTIGATOR:

HIF-1a/HIF-2a depletion study 1 (hypoxia; HK2) / HIF-1a/HIF-2a depletion study 1 (normoxia; AB81)

Relative Expression (log2-ratio):-4.5633383
Number of Samples:3 / 3
Experimental HIF-1a/HIF-2a depletion study 1 (hypoxia; HK2)
Proximal tubule epithelial cell line HK-2 with shRNA-mediated stable knock-down of HIF-1a and HIF-2a (Hypoxia-inducible factor 1-alpha and Hypoxia-inducible factor 2-alpha) 24 hours after treatment with hypoxia (20% O2). HK-2 cells were cultured in DMEM/F-12 supplemented with 10% fetal calf serum (FCS), 1% ITS, hydrocortisone, and antibiotics. The cells were incubated at 37 ?C.
Control HIF-1a/HIF-2a depletion study 1 (normoxia; AB81)
Human podocyte cells AB81 with shRNA-mediated stable knock-down of HIF-1a and HIF-2a (Hypoxia-inducible factor 1-alpha and Hypoxia-inducible factor 2-alpha) 24 hours after treatment with normoxia (20% O2). Conditionally immortalized human podocytes AB81 were cultured under permissive conditions (33 ?C) in RPMI-1640 supplemented with 10% FBS, antibiotics, and 1% ITS. Differentiation was induced by thermoshift to 37 ?C in 6-well plates.

HIV-associated neurocognitive disorder study 7 (normal) / HIV-associated neurocognitive disorder study 6 (normal)

Relative Expression (log2-ratio):4.2053223
Number of Samples:2 / 2
Experimental HIV-associated neurocognitive disorder study 7 (normal)
Postmortem brain samples of the centrum semiovale (deep white matter) at the coronal level of the genu of the corpus callosum from patients with normal brain pathology. The patients received antiretroviral therapy (ART).
Control HIV-associated neurocognitive disorder study 6 (normal)
Postmortem brain samples of the centrum semiovale (deep white matter) at the coronal level of the genu of the corpus callosum from patients with normal brain pathology. The patients did not receive any antiretroviral therapy (ART).

glioma study 16 (LN-229) / normal astrocyte sample

Relative Expression (log2-ratio):-4.156312
Number of Samples:2 / 3
Experimental glioma study 16 (LN-229)
Human glioma cell line LN229 was cultured in DMEM supplemented with 10% FCS (fetal calf serum) and antibiotics at 37?C and 5% CO2.
Control normal astrocyte sample
Normal brain astrocytes. Clonetics normal human astrocytes (NHA) from Cambrex (primary-derived cultures) and cultured according to the manufacturer's recommendations.

pancreatic islet study 3 (expanded; PPRF) / normal pancreatic islet sample

Relative Expression (log2-ratio):4.072546
Number of Samples:2 / 7
Experimental pancreatic islet study 3 (expanded; PPRF)
Human pancreatic islets were isolated from a cadaveric donor. The population was 70% pure in mature islets, which was determined by dithizone staining. Islets cells were expanded according to Pharmaceutical Production Research Facility Protocol (PPRF) for 6 weeks. Expansion phase: Approximately 2,500 islet equivalents were seeded onto 75-cm2 fibronectin-coated tissue culture-treated flasks in a proprietary serum-free medium (PPRF medium). The serum-free PPRF medium was supplemented with 30% serum-free mesenchymal-conditioned medium. When the cell migration resulted in the formation of large-size colonies, the cells were harvested by trypsinization and replated into new tissue culture flasks. Once the cells reached near confluence (80?90%) in monolayer, they were trypsinized, counted, and subcultured at a density of 5,000 cells per cm2. Thereafter, cells were serially passaged using the same protocol.
Control normal pancreatic islet sample
Pancreatic islets were obtained from seven donors aged between 37 and 70 years and body mass index between 22 and 27. Functional islets were cultured in CMRL 1066 supplemented with 10% FCS, 1% glutamine, 5.6 mM glucose, 1 mM HEPES, 110 U/ml penicillin, and 110 g/ml streptomycin for 7 days or immediately processed after isolation.

CD44s overexpr. study 1 / normal HEK-293 cell sample

Relative Expression (log2-ratio):3.896449
Number of Samples:3 / 3
Experimental CD44s overexpr. study 1
Human embryonic kidney cell line HEK-293 transfected with pcDNA3.1(-) vector containing codon-optimized human CD44 sequence for expression.
Control normal HEK-293 cell sample
Untransfected, native human embryonic kidney cell line HEK-293 cell samples.

pancreatic islet study 3 (re-differentiated; Whittier) / normal pancreatic islet sample

Relative Expression (log2-ratio):3.817563
Number of Samples:2 / 7
Experimental pancreatic islet study 3 (re-differentiated; Whittier)
Human pancreatic islets were from 2 male donors (46 and 54 years old, body mass index 21kg/m2 and 31.6kg/m2). Islets cells were expanded for 4 weeks and re-differentiated for 1 week according to Whittier protocol. Re-differentiation phase: After four passages (1 month expansion), cells were dispersed with Versene and cultured in serum-free CMRL-1066 medium supplemented with insulin (10 g/ml), transferrin (5.5 g/ml), sodium selenite (6.7ng/ml). After 1 week of culture on HTB-9-coated plates, cells were harvested and forced to reaggregate overnight.
Control normal pancreatic islet sample
Pancreatic islets were obtained from seven donors aged between 37 and 70 years and body mass index between 22 and 27. Functional islets were cultured in CMRL 1066 supplemented with 10% FCS, 1% glutamine, 5.6 mM glucose, 1 mM HEPES, 110 U/ml penicillin, and 110 g/ml streptomycin for 7 days or immediately processed after isolation.

stem cell differentiation study 41 (hES-T3 EB) / undifferentiated hES-T3 cell sample

Relative Expression (log2-ratio):-3.5971642
Number of Samples:2 / 3
Experimental stem cell differentiation study 41 (hES-T3 EB)
Sample of embryonic bodies (EB) differentiated from human embryonic stem cells T3 with female karyotype.
Control undifferentiated hES-T3 cell sample
Undifferentiated human embryonic stem cells T3.

pancreatic islet study 3 (re-differentiated; PPRF; 4d) / normal pancreatic islet sample

Relative Expression (log2-ratio):3.3309774
Number of Samples:2 / 7
Experimental pancreatic islet study 3 (re-differentiated; PPRF; 4d)
Human pancreatic islets were isolated from a cadaveric donor. The population was 70% pure in mature islets, which was determined by dithizone staining. Islets cells were expanded for 6 weeks and re-differentiated for 4 days according to Pharmaceutical Production Research Facility (PPRF) Protocol. Re-differentiation phase: For induction of expanded cells to differentiate into islet-like cell clusters, the cells were seeded into 60 mm ultra-low attachment dishes in serum-free CMRL-1066 supplemented with 4 mM L-glutamine, 1% BSA, insulin (10 g/ml), transferrin (5.5 g/ml), sodium selenite (6.7ng/ml), and 1% antibiotic antimycotic solution at a density of 6.0 x 10EXP6 cells per dish. The induction medium was further added with islet neogenesis-associated protein (INGAP) peptide at a concentration of 1.0ug/ml.
Control normal pancreatic islet sample
Pancreatic islets were obtained from seven donors aged between 37 and 70 years and body mass index between 22 and 27. Functional islets were cultured in CMRL 1066 supplemented with 10% FCS, 1% glutamine, 5.6 mM glucose, 1 mM HEPES, 110 U/ml penicillin, and 110 g/ml streptomycin for 7 days or immediately processed after isolation.

renal cell carcinoma study 6 (chromophobe type) / normal kidney tissue

Relative Expression (log2-ratio):-3.3005419
Number of Samples:4 / 3
Experimental renal cell carcinoma study 6 (chromophobe type)
Tumor tissue samples from the kidney of patients with chromophobe renal cell carcinoma (cRCC).
Control normal kidney tissue
Normal adult kidney tissue samples.

pancreatic islet study 3 (re-differentiated; PPRF; 2d) / normal pancreatic islet sample

Relative Expression (log2-ratio):3.2313595
Number of Samples:2 / 7
Experimental pancreatic islet study 3 (re-differentiated; PPRF; 2d)
Human pancreatic islets were isolated from a cadaveric donor. The population was 70% pure in mature islets, which was determined by dithizone staining. Islets cells were expanded for 6 weeks and re-differentiated for 2 days according to Pharmaceutical Production Research Facility (PPRF) Protocol. Re-differentiation phase: For induction of expanded cells to differentiate into islet-like cell clusters, the cells were seeded into 60 mm ultra-low attachment dishes in serum-free CMRL-1066 supplemented with 4 mM L-glutamine, 1% BSA, insulin (10 g/ml), transferrin (5.5 g/ml), sodium selenite (6.7ng/ml), and 1% antibiotic antimycotic solution at a density of 6.0 x 10EXP6 cells per dish. The induction medium was further added with islet neogenesis-associated protein (INGAP) peptide at a concentration of 1.0ug/ml.
Control normal pancreatic islet sample
Pancreatic islets were obtained from seven donors aged between 37 and 70 years and body mass index between 22 and 27. Functional islets were cultured in CMRL 1066 supplemented with 10% FCS, 1% glutamine, 5.6 mM glucose, 1 mM HEPES, 110 U/ml penicillin, and 110 g/ml streptomycin for 7 days or immediately processed after isolation.